The problem of treating addiction and mental illness, which can be a result of unhealthy thoughts and feelings can be addressed by cognitive-behavioural therapy.
In the 1960s Dr. Aaron T. Beck founded a type of mental health counselling known as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.
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Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) addresses the problem areas of thoughts and behaviour resulting from drug addiction.
Nowadays, CBT has become a common part of treating addictions. Through CBT, the patients are shown how to connect their actions to their thoughts and feelings so they can be aware of how these factors are affecting their recovery.
Apart from addiction, CBT is also used for treating co-occurring disorders such as:
State of panic
ADD or Attention Deficit Disorder
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder [PTSD]
The CBT centres are everywhere and you can attend anyone to get help today.
CBT clearly shows that a good deal of destructive emotions and actions are neither reasonable nor logical. The nature of the place where a person is living and even their history may play a part in their behaviour.
The patients can easily get to know the thoughts that are turning them to drug abuse through the help of the therapists. An automatic thought is impulse-based; it often comes from misrepresentations and internally generated feelings such as self-doubt and fear. People start to use some of the rugs in an effort to cover up these thoughts.
Addicts find it easier to overcome their addiction when they begin to understand why they are acting or feeling in a certain manner and how their feelings and actions are leading them to the use of prohibited substances.
Facing these sensitive areas often leads a patient to get over the acute pain they cause. The positive behaviours that are learnt through CBT can thereafter be used instead of using drugs or alcohol.
Dependency Treatment And Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
It is Automatic negative thoughts that are often the major cause of various depressions and anxiety disorders, which commonly occur together with addiction.
It means that automatic thoughts can make a person more likely to take drugs and drink alcohol.
Triggers are situations that can "trigger" cravings within the individual throughout the day and keep many people who could be addicted from improving to remain sober. As alleged by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, CBT helps people recovering from addictions deal with their triggers in three main ways.
How Cbt Works In Helping Patients Overcome Addiction
The false beliefs and insecurity issues that causes substance abuse can be resolved using CBT.
Providing the tools needed for self-help to improve their moods.
Teaching the individual effective skills at communicating.
Keys For Controlling Triggers
Identify the circumstances which can lead to the use of drugs and alcohol.
This involves distancing yourself from your triggers as much as possible.
The techniques of getting rid of these feeling you have learnt from CBT will come in handy in this place.
The techniques provided by the cognitive-behavioural therapists can be practiced beyond the office of the therapist. Whether you are at home or in a group, there are many situations that you can use to practice the CBT exercises.
SMART and other such like Addiction Support groups employ the CBT techniques to help their members remain sober.
Techniques Applied In Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
There are different practices that are used to overcome an addiction using CBT.
Here are some examples of CBT techniques that are widely used in treatment of addictions:
The patients are encouraged to stop and evaluate their thoughts see if they are worth keeping them or if they are better discarded.
The participants are supposed to evaluate their thoughts critically to see the downsides it is causing to their lives.
The objective is to assist them to think in a balanced manner and critically evaluate their thoughts to feel constructive about themselves.
An example is "My supervisor thinks and worthless. In this case, CBT will help the person move from a mindset where they feel they need to drink to feel better about themselves to one where they see mistakes as a normal part of the learning process. My manager will appreciate that I am learning from my mistakes and heeding his or her advice. I feel so much better with a clear mind; I can do without a drink."
Here the exercises involve comparing negative thoughts and positive thoughts to see which influence good behaviour more.
It is well-known that some people respond better to self-kindness while others could display better responses to self-criticism.
Behavioural experiments help individuals figure out whether they are self-motivators or self-critics.
For example, some people may drink less if they criticize themselves more while others may drink less if they encourage themselves more.
Creating Images In Your Mind
This involves bringing up memories that cause highly negative feelings.
This will involve assessing all the features such as feelings and the responses they had to that particular feeling.
By reliving painful memories again and again, the addict can gradually mitigate the anxiety caused by these past experiences.
Example: A person revisits a traumatic event from their childhood. He recollects every information and feeling during that time. The person will become less inclined to use drugs or alcohol because as they revisit the event more often, the trauma of the event is felt less.
The Schedule of Pleasant Activities
Enjoyable activities which can help break up regular routines can be learned by people simply by making a list of the healthy activities because the technique requires them to do so.
These activities must be modest and stress-free while at the same time inspiring constructive feelings.
Preparing these lovely exercises assists to low negative involuntary feelings and the ensuing desire to drink or abuse drugs.
Example: A financial advisor who works a lot, finds fifteen minutes every day to relax at his desk instead of drinking alcohol or using drugs at work. Instead, the break is used to listen to a recently released song from a new music sensation.
How Cbt Or Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Varies From Other Therapies
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy take a more practical approach to therapy as compared to other methods.
Addicts in treatment are expected to go beyond just talking to the therapist during the CBT sitting and the therapist is not just a passive listener. In its place, addiction victims and therapists work collectively to overcome dependency.
Focused and quick treatment that is based on actions is what Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is all about. Most 60 to 90 day rehab programs incorporate CBT to give individuals instant ways of coping.
Certain psychoanalytic methods may take many years before showing any tangible results. In sharp contrast, CBT just requires 16 sessions before meaningful results can be seen.
Due to it's highly adaptable nature, CBT is used in both private and group counselling and it is also used in residential and non-residential rehab programs. There are many addiction treatment clinics and professionals who incorporate CBT in their treatment programs.