An indicator is something the patient feels and explains while a clue is something that others like doctor or friends see in the patient. For example, drowsiness could be an indicator, but enlarged pupils are clues.
Dependence on a substance - the person who is addicted to a substance like alcohol or drugs loses the ability to decide when to use and when not to use such. He/she continues to use it, despite the fact that it may be harmful (the person may or may not be aware of the possible risk).
Being dependant on a substance can lead to strong cravings. Addicts may desire to quit (give up), however experiences it very hard to do without assistance.
Personal circumstances, genetics, and the specific substance being used are all things that can determine how the signs and symptoms of abuse will manifest in an individual.
Some of the symptoms and signs of drug dependence can include:
It becomes difficult for the person to desist from using the substance - like drug, alcohol or nicotine, even when the person has attempted to stop at least on one occasion.
Withdrawal symptoms - mental and physical reactions happen when the levels of the substance in the body drop below a certain level. There are urges, spells of moodiness, fits of rage, poor concentration, a feeling of being sad and empty, anger, resentment and frustration.
A sudden increase in appetite might happen. Lack of sleep could also be an indication of withdrawal. In certain instances, the person may be constipated or suffer from diarrhoea. With a few substances, withdrawal can trigger viciousness, trembling, seizures, fantasies and sweats.
Dependency persists in spite of health issues awareness - the person continues to use the substance often, in spite of the fact that they have developed diseases associated with it. Example is a smoker not giving up smoking even when they have been diagnosed of a related heart or lung disease.
Recreational or social sacrifices - because of the substance addiction, some actions are forfeited. To give an example, an alcoholic might decline an invitation to spend a day on a boat or to go camping when no alcohol is at hand, a smoker might choose not to meet with friends in a pub/restaurant that prohibits smoking.
Keeping a good supply - the person always makes sure they have access to the substance, even if they don't have a lot of money. They may ensure that this substance is made available by dipping into the budget of the entire home.
Taking risks (1) - in certain instances the addicted person might undertake risks to ensure he/she can get his/her substance, like stealing or exchanging sex for drugs/cash.
Taking risks (2) - driving at a higher speed is one of the risks the addict may easily take when they have taken the substance.
Coping with problems - an addict often feels like they cannot deal with their problems unless they are using.
Obsession - a dependent individual may invest increasingly time and energy concentrating on methods for getting hold of their substance and sometimes how to utilise it.
Introversion and isolation - The addict may become secretive and want to isolate themselves from people.
Denial - a considerable number of addicts are living in a state of denial. These addicts do not know (or deny to admit) that they in fact have an issue.
Abundance utilisation - in a few addictions, for example, liquor, a few medications and even nicotine, the individual expends it to overabundance. The results of over-indulgence could be memory loss or physiological issues like respiratory infections or a chronic cough as experienced by chain smokers.
Dropping diversions and exercises - as the compulsion advances the individual may quit doing things he/she used to appreciate a considerable measure. This may even be the situation with smokers who discover they can't physically adapt to participating in their most loved game.
Having reserves - the addict might have small reserves of his/her substance concealed in various areas of the car/house; frequently in improbable spots.
Taking a large initial dose - this is usually a problem with alcohol addiction. The individual may swallow drinks down with a specific end goal to get plastered and after that vibe great.
Breaking the law - Some drugs and alcohol (not tobacco) are known to cause people to do things against the law when under their influence. This might be either on the grounds that the substance disables judgment and the individual goes for broke they would not take in the event that they were calm or with a specific end goal to get hold of the substance they overstep the law.
Budgetary troubles - if the substance is costly the dependent individual may yield a considerable measure to ensure its supply is secured. Even cigarettes that in certain places, like the United Kingdom, regions of Europe and the United States of America cost more than '11 just for a packet of twenty cigarettes - someone who smokes 40 a day in such a place will have to spend '660 per month, almost '8,000 annually.
Strained relationships - such are seen more in cases where drugs or alcohol are the substance in use.
Some substance/liquor abusers who are not actually dependent may likewise experience the ill effects of or cause a portion of the portrayals specified above, yet they don't more often than not have the withdrawal manifestations of someone who is addicted or a similar impulse to devour the substance.